Blue Sapphire Gemstone
Blue Sapphire (Neelam) is a blue colour beautiful gemstone which is a part of the mineral family Corundum. It is one of the most precious gemstones in the earth's crust and is used extensively in astrological uses and is associated with planet Saturn (Shani). There are many other colours of Sapphires available but in general, the term Sapphire is used as a synonym for Blue Sapphire. It is rather, one of the most attractive, aesthetic and powerful gemstones found in the world.
According to the ancient Vedic Astrology, Blue Sapphire is among the most precious Nine gemstones (which are called 'The Nava Ratnas') of the universe and is the main gemstone representing perhaps the most powerful planet of our galaxy - The Saturn (Shani). As per few mythologies in Hindu religion, Shani is considered to be the son of Surya (Sun) however, has an inimical bond or relationship with it. Since the Sun controls the entire movements and phases of a human horoscope, it is believed that Saturn and its gemstone Blue Sapphire may have negative effects on the wearer as it shares the inimical relation with the controller of horoscopes.
However, through extensive researches and observations, modern astrologers have found Blue Sapphire immensely effective to strengthen the position of a weak Saturn in a horoscope which may result in various issues pertaining to one's health, wealth, personal life & professional career. Mostly, Blue Sapphire or Neelam gemstone is worn by people working in technology, mechanical and engineering industry . Wearing a blue sapphire stone in Platinum or Silver metal is the best remedy for those who have a weak positioned Saturn or are currently going through the astrological phase of 'Sadhe Saati' in their horoscope. Saade Saati is a seven and a half years period when Saturn transits from 12th house to 2nd house of a horoscope.
Apart from this, Saturn has the lordship of astrological signs - Capricorn (Makar) & Aquarius (Kumbh). Hence, people born in the Lagna or ascendant of Capricorn and Aquarius can wear this Neelam Ratna as their birthstone or life stone. Along with these signs, natives born in the Lagnas of Gemini (Mithun), Taurus (Vrishabh), Virgo (Kanya), and Libra (Tula) can also wear Blue Sapphire stone. This is because the planets Mercury and Venus (lords of the above-mentioned signs) share a friendly relationship with the planet of Blue Sapphire i.e. Saturn or Shani .
Blue Sapphire stone benefits can be summarized as follows:
In addition to the astrological aspects mentioned above, a Blue Sapphire can also be used for healing or various human body disorders or problems. Here are some of them:
Here we are going to give a brief idea about the best procedure to wear a Blue Sapphire gemstone.
Sunset (usually between 5 pm to 7 pm) of any Saturday (Shaniwaar) can be considered good to wear the Blue Sapphire gemstone. According to few experienced astrologers, Saturday between Ashtami (8th day) of Krishna Paksha (Waxing Moon period) to the Ashtami of Shukla Paksha (Waning Moon period) can be considered as the best day to wear the Blue Sapphire gemstone.
Platinum or White Gold are the best suitable metals for Blue Sapphire gemstone. These naturally cool metals provide the outright support to Blue Sapphire for showering its complete effect on the wearer. If these metals seem to be unaffordable, second best choice of metal is Silver (Chaandi). Sometimes, based on specific planetary position in a horoscope, certain astrologers may advise wearing the Blue Sapphire gemstone in Gold . If advised such, one should wear the Blue Sapphire in Gold as suggested by the astrologer. Otherwise, Gold should be the last choice of metals for Blue Sapphire.
According to the Shastras (Sacred books) related to Astrology, the Middle finger which is also called Madhyama in Hindi and Sanskrit should be considered as the first choice to wear Blue Sapphire gemstone. In some rare cases, it may be worn in the ring finger also (if suggested by the astrologer).
Blue Sapphire gemstone becomes most effective when worn on the Middle finger (Madhyama) of the Active hand. An active hand refers to the hand which is used by the wearer for most of his everyday task habitually. Alternatively, one can buy Blue Sapphire gemstone and wear in a pendant made of Platinum or Silver metals.
Note: Please do not throw the mixture of Panchadravya in the dump. Rather, pour it in a flowerpot or Plant pot as this mixture is considered a good fertilizer too .
Price of Blue Sapphire in India varies between INR 400 per carat (approx. USD 6.00) to INR 2,00,000 per carat (approx. USD 3080.00) or even above. This difference of price is based on varied factors ranging from the origin or the mines from where they are extracted, type of cuts, consistency of colour including the hue and tone, level of natural inclusions or mineral impurity, lustre and many more.
Let us understand how are the Blue Sapphire stones valued in Indian as well as International markets. In the gemstones industry, there are mainly 3-4 different categories of blue sapphires available. One of the first parameter to value the Blue Sapphire stone is its Origin.
The sapphires which were extracted from the western Kashmir region has a unique velvety lustre which makes them one of the most beautiful natural gemstones of our universe. The most productive mines are now nearly extinct due to the International Border issues between India and Pakistan. Few mines are now part of POK (Pakistan Oriented Kashmir) and few are in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
However, due to the continuous military and militant wars as well as due to the prevailing ceasefire between India and Pakistan, those mines are no more operational. This has made Kashmiri Neelam one of the most expensive gemstones in the world. The original Kashmiri Neelam available in the International gemstones market is those which were perhaps mined 100 years ago when those mines were in operation. The price of Kashmiri Blue Sapphire in India may start from INR 70,000 per carat and may go up as high as INR 10,00,000 per carat .
To buy Kashmiri Blue Sapphire, one must be careful about the reputation the seller and must ensure that the gemstone is certified by most authentic origin testing labs of the world like - GIA, IGI or GRS labs .
These blue sapphires are extracted from Sri Lanka. Ceylon is an older name for Sri Lanka therefore, some people recall Ceylonese Blue Sapphire as Sri Lankan Blue Sapphires. They are available from whitish blue color to very deep blue color. Price of Sri Lanka Blue Sapphire ranges between INR 1,500 per carat to INR 2,00,000 per carat or above depending on its colour, clarity and cuts . Sri Lankan or Ceylonese Blue Sapphire are considered as best effective for astrological purposes .
Almost 80% of the available Sri Lankan Sapphires are unheated and untreated. Remaining 20% are colour enhanced by heating them in higher temperatures to earn a higher price.
Hence, it is very important to get a Blue Sapphire tested and certified from a reputed and government approved lab.
The lower quality blue sapphires which are extracted from the mines of different parts of the world are collected in a hub to enhance their clarity, cuts and color in order to give those low-quality blue sapphires a higher value in the International Jewel Marketplace. This hub is Bangkok - the Capital city of Thailand. Bangkok Blue Sapphires are mainly used for making bridal jewellery or fashion jewellery. It is used rarely for astrological purposes. The price of Bangkok Blue Sapphire or Thailand Blue Sapphire in India ranges between INR 400 per carat to INR 30,000 per carat or above .
80% of the Bangkok Blue Sapphires available in the world market are glass filled while the remaining 20% Neelam Stones are color enhanced by heating.
Blue Sapphires or Neelam are extracted from other regions like India, Afghanistan, Africa, Myanmar, Russia and USA. However, those blue sapphires are very less popular and are not in demand. Most of these blue sapphires are sold after treatments to enhance their clarity and colour.
Technically, a Blue Sapphire gemstone should be of Deep Blue colour. Hence, blue sapphires having bright blue or deep blue colour is considered as the best value and are highly priced in the International markets. A specific variety of Blue Sapphire named as 'Royal Blue Sapphire' is the most expensive colour range of natural blue sapphires. Blue sapphires having natural hue, tone and saturation of blue colour may cost between INR 2,000 per carat to INR 2,00,000 per carat or above based on their origin.
Clarity refers to the level of transparency in the blue sapphires. The higher the transparency, the higher will be its price in the market provided the clarity is not artificial. If the number of natural impurities or mineral inclusions, which are diffused naturally under the earth's crust while the formation of these gems, is higher, the transparency level will be low and so will be its lustre and brilliance.
These inclusions can be solid like any dirt or chip of other minerals inside the gemstone; a liquid such as water bubbles; or gaseous such as cloud-like or smoke inside the blue sapphires.
Cuts or the symmetry which is used to cut the Blue Sapphires play a very vital role in providing them lustre and shine. If the angular cuts are symmetrical and very minutely crafted, it gives the Blue Sapphire gemstone an ability to reflect and refract the colour and lustre at its best.
On the other hand, uneven and lazy cuts may result in the dullness of even a good clarity Blue Sapphire which may ultimately diminish the price. The better the cuts, the more will be its price in the industry.
Most popular Blue Sapphires such as Kashmiri Blue Sapphire are very rarely available in all weights. The large size of high-quality Blue Sapphires are very expensive and may start from INR 10,000 per carat for even the basic quality. Usually, the tones with more than 7-carat weight are priced higher than the small sizes.
In general, if someone talks about a Sapphire, it is believed that he/she is referring to the Blue colour Sapphire. The Blue Sapphire is called Neelam in Hindi.
Sometimes, in ambiguity, people call Blue Sapphire as Neeli or Neela, however, the term Neeli or Neela are associated with the substitutes of Blue Sapphire. In few markets, Neeli can be referred to all the substitute stones of Neelam such as Iolite (which is Kakaneeli), Amethyst (Kathela or Jamuniya), Lapis Lazuli (Lajvart), etc.
In West Bengal, Odisha and Assam, a Blue Sapphire are well known as 'Neel Kanto Mani' and in Southern parts of India, it is known as Neelamani or Indraneelam. In Arabic, it is called 'Yakut Azraaq', in traditional Chinese language, it is known as Lánbǎoshí, in languages like French, Spanish and Latin, it is termed as Zafir or Zafire stone.
Many astrologers and gemologists call the Blue Sapphire as Indraneelam as the ancient Hindu texts describe the Blue Sapphire as an Indraneelam. However, in actual context, Indra means the King while Neelam means Sapphire. Hence, a Blue Sapphire can only be named as Indraneelam if it is best among the blue sapphires. In short, those Blue Sapphires which possess much higher clarity, deeper blue color, minimum impurities and excellent cuts and shine can be known as Indraneelam . Lower qualities of Blue Sapphire are termed as Neelam, not Indraneelam.
The cornflower is a soothing blue colour flower which has deep blue to violet shades on its petals. It is called Aparajita in India. The hue and tone of the blue colour present in the cornflower have such a soothing effect that it catches all eyes and attracts everyone. Hence, those sapphires which naturally possess cornflower blue colour are marketed as 'Cornflower Blue Sapphire' and are in great demand in the national as well as international markets. There are other shades of Blue which are popular and sought after. They are:
Sadhe Saati refers to an astrological phase of a human life during which Saturn transits from 12th house to 2nd house . According to the Vedic Astrology, it takes approximately two and half years for Shani (Saturn) to transit from one sign or one house to other.
Hence, it takes total seven and half years to transit through the three signs or houses, i.e. two and half years each in 12th, Lagna (1st) and 2nd houses .
During this transit, it is generally observed that the native faces much hurdles or difficulty in life. In some cases, it may be fatal. According to many astrologers the first two and half years and last two and half years are seen more relaxed phases as compared to the mid two and half years period.
People born in the Lagnas of Sun (Leo/Simha), Moon (Cancer/Kark), Mars (Aries/Mesh and Scorpio/Vrishchik) and Jupiter (Sagittarius/Dhanu and Pisces/Meen) are advised not to wear a Blue Sapphire gemstone because of the inimical relationship of Saturn (Shani) with these planets in astrology.
For astrological purposes, the best suitable weight of Blue Sapphire stone should be found by dividing the body weight of the wearer by 10. For example, a person weighing 60KGs should ideally wear a Blue Sapphire or Neelam stone of 6 carats or above (60Kgs / 10 = 6 carat). However, based on the clarity and budget, one may decide to wear 1-2 carats less and should be able to find good results.
Iolite (Kakaneeli or neeli) & Amethyst (Kathela or Jamuniya) stones are considered as some best substitutes for Blue Sapphire. There are other substitutes like Lapis Lazuli, Blue Beryl, Blue Topaz, Blue Onyx, etc which are very seldom used as a substitute.
Chemical Composition: Al2O3: Fe
Hardness on Moh's Scale of 10.0: 9.0
Specific Gravity: 3.95 to 4.03,br/> Refractive Index: 1.76 to 1.77