Ruby or Manik is a pinkish red to deep red color precious stone made out of the mineral family Corundum. Corundum is one of the abundantly available minerals in the earth's crust. Corundum is available in different colors ranging from yellow, blue, green, pink, colorless to red. It is worth note that only the red color corundum is known as Ruby while all other colors of corundum are called Sapphires. Sometimes Rubies are mistaken to be same as Pink Sapphires but primarily certain shades of red color corundum are referred to as Ruby and rest all shades are considered as Sapphires including the pink ones.
Why to wear a Ruby gemstone?
As per the ancient Vedic Astrology, Ruby is the only gemstone that represents the king of our universe 'Sun' which is called Surya or Aaditya in India. This is one of the reasons why Ruby is referred to as 'King of All Gemstones'. Mostly, Ruby or Manik ratan is worn by people aspiring for a political or administrative career. Wearing a ruby stone in Gold or Panchadhatu Metal is the best remedy for those who have a weak positioned Sun in their horoscope. Apart from this, Sun has the lordship of astrological sign - Leo (Singh or Simha).
Hence, people born in the Lagna or ascendant of Leo can wear this Manikya Ratna as their birthstone or life stone.
Along with Leo, natives born in the Lagnas of Cancer (Kark), Aries (Mesh), Scorpio (Vrishchik), Sagittarius (Dhanu) and Pisces (Meen) can also wear Ruby stone. This is because, the planets Moon, Mars, and Jupiter (lords of the above-mentioned signs) share a friendly relationship with the planet of Ruby i.e. Sun or Surya.
Manik Stone or Ruby Stone Benefits:
- Ruby represents the head of the family - Sun. It empowers the wearer with immense leadership qualities . It provides best judgmental skills and decision-making ability which leads to make the wearer a perfect leader or a team, city, county or even a nation.
- It boosts the confidence level of the wearer. The aura so attained never goes unnoticed. Wearing a ruby gemstone during the Mahadasha of Sun (Surya) may make the wearer a King of his regime (whether his family, team, company, administration or even the kingdom) .
- Ruby gemstone is also believed to be the best remedy for heart-related ailments .
- Wearing a Ruby gemstone may also benefit those who are preparing for their civil service exams or any other government employment exams as Ruby is seen associated with administration and governance.
- A Ruby gemstone can also improve the wearer's relationship with his or her father, grandfather and teachers.
- Manik or Ruby is also treated as one of the important wealth crystals. Ruby helps in growing the hard earned wealth and improves the wearer's tendency to save money for future.
- Ruby is also considered best to overcome the lost or betrayed love.It gives the inner strength and blood circulation << which is needed to balance the emotions and ill-thinking of the wearer due to bad past.
- A Ruby gemstone can also make enemies weaker which in turn results in winning over the difficult situations with an inimical relationship.
Healing Nature of Ruby Stone (Manik Stone)
In addition to the astrological aspects mentioned above, a Red Color Manikya Ratna can also be used for healing or various human body disorders or problems. Here are some of them:
- Ruby stone represents the heart of a human body. Hence, it can treat all disorders related to the heart. Some crystal healers suggest ruby stone for controlling cholesterol in a human body which is the biggest enemy of our hearts.
- Manik gemstone is also considered an enlightenment giver stone to its wearer. It is believed to have powers to enhance the thinking and decision making skills of the wearer by clearing the thoughts and improving the focus.
- In the Chakra healing concept, Ruby is considered a best remedy for Heart Chakra related treatments. It is a prominent healing stone in Reiki science of healing as well. Ruby has been a fascinating healing crystal in various Arabic texts in which it is referred as a 'Yaqoot stone' .
How to wear a Ruby Stone?
Here we are going to give a brief idea about the best procedure to wear a Ruby Gemstone.
Best time to wear Ruby:
Sunrise (usually between 5 am to 7 am) of any Sunday (Raviwar) can be considered good to wear the ruby gemstone. According to few experienced astrologers, Sunday between Ashtami (8th day) of Shukla Paksha (Waning Moon period) to the Ashtami of Krishna Paksha (Waxing Moon period) can be considered as the best day to wear the ruby gemstone.
Best Metal to wear Ruby:
Gold is the best suitable metal for Ruby gemstone. Gold gives the outright support to Ruby for showering its complete effect on the wearer. If gold metal seems to be unaffordable, second best choice of metal is Panchadhatu or Panchaloham which is an alloy made from 5 sacred metals including - Copper, Silver, Tin, Zinc and a very small amount of Gold. Sometimes, based on specific planetary position in a horoscope, certain astrologers may advise wearing the ruby gemstone in Silver or Copper metals. If advised such, one should wear the ruby in Silver or Copper as suggested by the astrologer.Otherwise, Silver and Copper should be the last choice of metals for Ruby.
Best Finger to wear Ruby:
According to the Shastras (Sacred books) related to Astrology, the ring finger which is also called Anamika in Hindi and Sanskrit should be considered as the first choice to wear Ruby gemstone.In some rare cases, it may be worn in the Index or Fore-finger (if suggested by the astrologer).
Best Body Part to wear Ruby:
Ruby gemstone becomes most effective when worn on the Ring finger (Anamika) of the Active hand. An active hand refers to the hand which is used by the wearer for most of his everyday task habitually. Alternatively, one can buy ruby gemstone and wear in a pendant made of Gold or Panchadhatu metals.
Best way to energize and wearing the Ruby Ring or Pendant:
- On the selected Sunday during Sunrise as mentioned above, take your ring or pendant studded with the Ruby and place it in a clean and empty bowl in front of you.
- Now, add Panchadravyas (Five Sacred Elements) in the following pattern one by one to the bowl – Starting with: GANGA JAL (Holy Water), TULSI LEAVES (Basil leaves), MILK, HONEY & GHEE (Butter). Mix them together in the bowl with your finger and keep the bowl in front of you.
- Close your eyes and recite the Mantra || Om Hreem Sum Suryaya Namah: || 108 times and pray to the Surya Dev (Lord Sun) to give the endurance, power will to work hard & prosperity.
- Open your eyes then and take the ring out of the bowl. Dip it in another bowl of clean water and soak it with a piece of a cotton cloth and wear it.
Note: Please do not throw the mixture of Panchadravya in the dump. Rather, pour it in a flowerpot or Plant pot as this mixture is considered a good fertilizer too.
What is the Ideal Price of Ruby Gemstone in India?
Price of Ruby in India varies between INR 200 per carat (approx. USD 3.15) to INR 6,00,000 per carat (approx. USD 9,300) or even above. This difference of price is based on varied factors ranging from the origin or the mines from where they are extracted, type of cuts, consistency of color including the hue and tone, level of natural inclusions or mineral impurity, lustre and many more.
How are rubies valued in the Gemstones Market?
Let us understand how are the ruby stones valued in Indian as well as International markets. In the gemstones industry, there are mainly 4-5 different categories of rubies available. One of the first parameter to value the ruby stone is its Origin.
Valuation based on Ruby Gemstone Origin / Mine of Extraction:
This is commonly and pre-historically known as Burma Ruby. They are extracted majorly from the 'Mogok' mines of Myanmar (formerly Burma). They are famous for their unique lustre, fewer mineral inclusions and natural color consistency. The Myanmar Ruby is sometimes referred to as 'Old Burma' Ruby as well. Price of Old Burma Ruby online in India ranges from INR 5,000 per carat to INR 6,00,000 per carat or even above. The better the transparency and color deepness in a Myanmar Ruby, the higher will be its price. In astrological context, this Old Burmese Ruby is considered to be the most effective Ruby Gemstone. This fact, however, makes Myanmar Ruby one of the most cheat-able gemstones in industry. Hence, to buy ruby online or from any store, one must take care of getting proper information about the certification authority, reputation or feedback about the seller from past consumers, information about any treatments on the ruby mentioned in the Lab's certificate, etc. In general, 99% of Myanmar rubies are unheated and untreated which makes it favourite among the gemstone buyers across the world.
These rubies have been extracted since the 1940s from the African nation Mozambique and are popular because of a unique hue of red color due to the presence of chromium ions which gives it a bright shine and color deepness. Price of Mozambique Ruby ranges between INR 2,000 per carat to INR 4,00,000 per carat or above depending on its color, clarity and cuts. Mozambique rubies, being one of the most favourite rubies of wearers followed by Myanmar Rubies, are often found as treated by the glass or lead filling to enhance their natural clarity or the transparency. According to a recent graph, almost 70-75% of Mozambique Rubies available in the market are either glass filled or color enhanced. Although these treatments cannot diminish their astrological effects, since such rubies contain foreign particles such as lead glass, they are more prone to breakage or damage.
Though Mozambique is a part of Africa, in general, African Ruby is the term given to the rubies extracted from other mines in Africa than the ones in Mozambique. These could be extracted from the mines of Madagascar, Kenya, Zambia, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, etc. 'East African Ruby' is also a popular name given to such rubies. Price of African Ruby in India starts from INR 1,000 per carat to INR 2,00,000 per carat or above. Most common treatments found in these African origin rubies include lead glass filling, wax filling, color enhancement through heating, etc.
However, in the market, the ratio of treated and untreated African rubies currently stands around 50-50% of the available stock. Getting a genuine and authentic Lab's certificate with African rubies is a must to ensure the proper value for money.
Bangkok or Thailand Ruby Gemstones
The lower quality rubies which are extracted from the mines of different parts of the world are collected in a hub to enhance their clarity, cuts and color in order to give those low-quality rubies a higher value in the International Jewel Marketplace. This hub is Bangkok - the Capital city of Thailand. Bangkok Rubies are mainly used for making bridal jewellery or fashion jewellery. It is used rarely for astrological purposes. In order to differentiate Bangkok rubies from Myanmar rubies of high quality, few gemstone sellers market these Bangkok rubies by the name of 'New Burma Ruby'.
The price of Bangkok Ruby of Thailand Ruby in India ranges between INR 400 per carat to INR 30,000 per carat or above. 80% of the Bangkok rubies available in the world market are glass filled while the remaining 20% rubies are color enhanced by heating.
Rubies are found in Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand and Telangana naturally, however, those rubies extracted from these mines lack transparency. They are mostly opaque in appearance. The color standards in Indian Ruby ranges from purplish pink to dark pink. Price of Indian Ruby in India starts from INR 200 per carat and may go up to INR 1,000 per carat based on the cuts and carat weight. Indian rubies are the best substitutes for Myanmar Rubies due to two main reasons: a) they are a budget option and will not harm the savings, and b) 99% of the Indian Ruby stones are untreated and unheated.
Therefore, Indian rubies are considered as best substitutes for Myanmar Rubies and they are extensively used for astrological purposes by people across the globe.
Valuation based on its Four 'C's:
According to the gemologists, there are four main 'C's based on which most of the colored gemstones are valued by the sellers. These are Color, Clarity, Cuts and Carat.
Technically, a Ruby gemstone should be of Red Color. Hence, rubies having bright red or deep red color is considered as the best value and are highly priced in the International markets. A specific variety of Ruby named as 'Pigeon Blood Ruby' is the most expensive color range of natural rubies. Rubies having natural hue, tone and saturation of Red color may cost between INR 20,000 per carat to INR 6,00,000 per carat or above based on their origin. The second most expensive class is the Pinkish Red color and the least expensive are Purplish Pink color rubies which are mainly extracted from Indian mines.
Clarity refers to the level of transparency in the rubies. The higher the transparency, the higher will be its price in the market provided the clarity is not artificial. If there are a number of natural impurities or mineral inclusions, which are diffused naturally under the earth's crust while the formation of these gems is higher, the transparency level will be low and so will be its lustre and brilliance. These inclusions can be solid like needle structures inside the gemstone; a liquid such as water bubbles; or gaseous such as cloud-like or smoke inside the rubies.
Cuts or the symmetry which is used to cut the rubies play a very vital role in providing them lustre and shine. If the angular cuts are symmetrical and very minutely crafted, it gives the ruby gemstone an ability to reflect and refract the color and lustre at its best. On the other hand, uneven and lazy cuts may result in the dullness of even a good clarity ruby which may ultimately diminish the price. The better the cuts, the more will be its price in the industry.
Most popular Rubies such as Myanmar Ruby or Mozambique Ruby are very rarely available in the weights more than 4 carats. Especially, if someone wants to buy a clear Myanmar or Mozambique Ruby, it is possible that they may have to settle down with buying a maximum size of 3 to 4 carat Ruby. If a higher carat weight is available, then the price of such ruby would be double or 4 times the price of small-sized rubies. In Low quality Indian and African rubies, the stones with more than 7-carat weight are priced higher than the small sizes
Read more about Ruby or Manik Gemstone below:
What is Ruby called in different parts of the world?
The name Ruby is derived from Latin word 'Ruber' which means Red.
In India, Ruby stones are commonly known as 'Manik' Ratna. 'Manik' or 'Manek' is its Hindi name. Apart from Manik, in eastern states of India like West Bengal, Odisha, and Assam, Ruby is known as 'Chooni' or 'Chuni'. In Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, ruby gemstones are famous with the name of 'Kempu'. In Tamil language, it is known as 'Manickam or Manikkam'. Ruby is called 'Manikyam' stone in Malayalam and it is its Sanskrit name also while in the Urdu language, a ruby stone is spelt as 'Yakoot' or 'Yakut' stone.
Outside India, the ruby stones have so many different names such as Arabic people call them as 'Yaqoot'; In China, they call it 'Hóngbǎoshí'; in French, rubies are known as 'Rubis' or 'Vermeil' in their local language.
Rubies are found from almost every continent of the world. However, for many centuries, the Mogok valley containing the Mogok Mines in Myanmar (Old Burma) were the main providers of the rubies. Today, Mong Hsu region of Myanmar has become the main provider of Old Burma rubies across the world. Apart from Myanmar, rubies are found in India, Nepal, African Nations like Madagascar, Mozambique, Kenya & Thailand. Few people have an opinion that rubies are also mined from Sri Lanka. However, in our knowledge and view, those mined from Sri Lanka does not match the shade of red color which should be considered as a Ruby. They can be considered as Pink Sapphires instead.
FAQs related to Ruby Gemstone:
Who should not wear Ruby gemstone?
A person who has afflicted Sun or debilitated Sun in the horoscope is often advised Not to wear Ruby. However, some astrologers suggest that Ruby should affect those having debilitated Sun positively. In general, people born in the Lagnas of Saturn (Capricorn/Makar and Aquarius/Kumbh); Mercury (Gemini/Mithun and Virgo/Kanya); and Venus (Taurus/Vrishabh and Libra/Tula) are advised not to wear a Ruby gemstone because of the inimical relationship of Sun with these planets in astrology.
What should be the ideal weight of Ruby if wearing for astrological purposes?
For astrological purposes, the best suitable weight of Ruby stone should be found by dividing the body weight of the wearer by 10. For example, a person weighing 60KGs should ideally wear a Ruby or Manik stone of 6 carats or above (60Kgs / 10 = 6 carat). However, based on the clarity and budget, one may decide to wear 1-2 carats less and should be able to find good results.
Which gemstones are the best substitutes for Ruby gemstone?
Sunstone, Pink Sapphire, Red Garnet, & Tiger Eye stones are considered as some best substitutes for Ruby. There are other substitutes like Rubellite, Rhodolite, Red Onyx, etc which are very seldom used as a substitute.
What are the scientific or gemological compositions of a Ruby?
Chemical Composition: Al2O3:Cr
Hardness on Moh's Scale of: 10.0: 9.0
Specific Gravity: 3.97 to 4.05
Refractive Index: 1.76 to 1.77
To Summarize on how, why and from where to buy Ruby online in India, our advice is that one should take care of following points before buying Ruby stone if:
- You are born in Leo Lagna or ascendant, or
- You are born in Aries, Cancer, Scorpio, Sagittarius or Pisces Lagnas,
- You get an authentic Lab's certificate such as IGI, GIA or GTL Labs in India,
- You get proper and detailed information about treatments and quality of the Ruby,
- You get the best value for your hard earned money in terms of origin and quality parameters discussed earlier, and
- You get detailed description including high definition videos or photos of your ruby before placing your order if buying the ruby online.