Rudraksha is the seed of a fruit from a tree which belongs to the Elaeocarpus family.
There are almost 25 species of this plant that are found in India. However, the Rudraksha is specifically identified as the Elaeocarpus Ganitrus.
Geographical Distribution of Elaeocarpus Species In India
This tree usually grows at certain attitudes in the colder region of Himalayas and in some parts of the Western Ghats in South India, but the most vibrant and spiritually energized ones come from the Rudraksha trees from Himalayas region due to soil, atmosphere and spiritual vibrations that persists in the Himalayas .
Due to increase and widespread use of Rudraksha for healing, spiritual and other useful purposes there has been huge demand for the Rudraksha in the market due to which in many places Rudraksha farming is predominant specifically in regions of Nepal and India (specifically the Himalayan region).
Rudraksha vegetation is very difficult and involves patience a great deal of effort. It is difficult due to the slow sprouting from the beads, depending upon the climatic situation and the humidity of the soil it takes almost 1-2 years for the plant to sprout.
The tree starts giving fruit after 7 years and fruits for a long time after 7 years of time. A single Rudraksha tree bears beads in all different faces or mukhis at the same time.
The higher mukhis or faces are very rare. Most common Rudraksha bead is the five faceted or panchmukhi. The environment and location of Rudraksha trees play a major role in the bead formation and the type of bead formed. e.g: The Himalayan beads seem larger, heavier and more powerful due to the environment they grow in.
Rudraksha has found mention in various ancient works of literature like Shiva Purana/Mahapurana, Rudrakasha balopnishad, Shri Guru Charitra and Devi Bhagwat Puran.
The word Rudra first reference is found in Rigveda which means rud or ruddan which means to cry, thus Rudra is one who cries. Rudra was born from the anger of Brahma. At the time of creation of cosmos, Brahma before creation created Sanandana, Sanaka, Sanatana and Sanatkumar and instructed them to initiated progeny but these four beings with lack of interest to continue progeny disobeyed Lord Brahma.
This made Brahma furious and he decided to destroy the three worlds Swarga, Martyuloka and Patal. With the fury of Brahma, all the three worlds shone in the radiance emanated from the fire. From his shining eyebrows, curved with anger, a figure of unbearable radiance appeared. This was the birth of Rudra who had three eyes, a blue complexion and cried continuously. Brahma asked him, ‘Why are you crying?’ and the boy replied: ‘I must be named’, and he was given names including Rudra – Bhava, Sarava, Isana, Pashupati, Bhima, Ugra, and Mahadeva.
According to mythology, it is also believed that during a war with the asura, having burned all the cities, he wept at the loss of lives. The tears that fell on the ground sprang up as shrubs, producing berries which were called Rudraksha.
According to Skanda Purana once there was an asura named Tripura who brought great havoc on devas and defeated them and become emperor of the asuras. The devas went to Lord Shiva for help. Shiva thought for a while on how to kill Tripura. With open eyes, he sat for thousands of divine years. After a prolonged length of time, Shiva winked his eyes and tears fell from them. The Rudraksha tree grew from the tears.
The beads are sacred to Hindus, Buddhists and Jains since ancient times. Rudraksha beads are strung together as a Rudraksha mala. When you string them, it is best that they are strung with either a silk String or a cotton String. The mala should be created in such a way that it doesn’t create a crack inside the Rudraksha bead.
Hence, they shouldn’t be knotted tightly or too loosely.
Five faced Rudraksha mala is the best mala and could be worn all the time. The Rudraksha should touch the body. It is also recommended to oil the Rudraksha at regular to avoid it making it brittle and exposed to cracks and roughness. One can use pure coconut or mustard oil to oil the Rudraksha because due to use of chemical soaps and hardness of water it becomes brittle and cracks after some time.
Therapeutic Use of Rudraksha
The Ayurvedic medicinal system distinguishes the helpful utilization of the plant in the mending of neurological and dissemination issue. They are particularly useful for patients experiencing tension. The Rudraksha bead is frequently utilized as a part of restorative medications and recuperating systems like pressure point massage and magnetic therapies.
Rudraksha is said to be a characteristic sedative and has magnetic properties that control heart rate and circulatory strain.
Rudraksha powder if taken with equal quantities of black pepper is believed to cure smallpox.
Milk boiled with Rudraksha beads is said to improve memory and have anti-aging properties.
Drinking water soaked in Rudraksha bead overnight is additionally accepted to have recuperating properties.
Numerous experts guarantee that Rudraksha beads have positive outcomes in mental scatters like anxiety, tension, sorrow, palpitations and absence of fixation.
The glue of Rudraksha bead is utilized as a part of illnesses like a delayed hack, skin issue like ringworms, wounds, pimples, bubbles, and consumes.